The solution to problems in the management and preservation of forest areas in Lampung Province is to change the paradigm of forest management, from forest management by the state to community-based development.
“Forest management which must involve and improve the community around the forest, while maintaining the preservation of forest functions as it should be, is a solution to various forestry problems still occurring in the Lampung area,” said Head of Lampung Forestry Service Ir Yanyan Ruchyansyah MSi, accompanied by the House of Collaboration Coordinator ( RUKO) Ir Warsito, in Bandarlampung, Saturday (31/10/2020).
Yanyan said that according to Minister of Forestry Decree Number: SK.256/Kpts-II/2000, the forest area in Lampung Province is 1,004,735 hectares, equivalent to 28.45 percent of the area of Lampung Province.
Based on the division of authority, the forest area which is the responsibility of the Lampung Provincial Government covers an area of 564,954 ha including protected forest, production forest and Wan Abdul Rachman Forest Park (Tahura WAR).
The rest of the area of 439,798 ha is under the authority of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), covering Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (TNBBS), Way Kambas National Park (TNWK), and Mount Anak Krakatau Nature Reserve / Marine Reserve (CAL).
Yanyan detailed the encroachment and occupation of forest areas as a result of population growth requiring land for business and settlements, which are still the main problems in forest management in Lampung Province.
According to him, although legally the status of forest areas is the right of the state, the fact is that forest land management is carried out by the community.
Apart from these problems, forestry development in Lampung Province is also faced with other quite complex problems, including illegal logging, critical watershed (DAS) conditions, the potential for community timber/community forests has not been recorded validly, the utilization of the results. Non-timber forest (HHBK) and nature tourism have not been maximized, forest tenure conflicts, industrial plantation forest management (HTI) has not been maximized, and wildlife conflicts are still occurring.
One of the solutions to the aforementioned problems is to change the paradigm of forest management, from forest management by the state to community-based development, he said.
He explained that forest management which must involve and improve the community around the forest while maintaining the preservation of forest functions as it should be, is expected to be the solution.
In this problem, said Yanyan again, forest management with the principle of “agroforestry” or better known as agroforestry is one of the solutions in increasing land productivity, as well as part of efforts to conserve soil, water and biodiversity.
In order to realize forestry development that is beneficial for the welfare of the community, the economy and regional competitiveness based on the preservation of forest functions, a synergy of the parties is needed, he said.
Yanyan said that the roles of the Government, local government, academics, business actors, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and communities living in/around the forest are very much needed in managing forests in Lampung Province, from the upstream (forest protection and rehabilitation) to downstream (various forestry businesses).
Lampung Forestry Festival
In this regard, he said, there is a need for activities to unify steps and perceptions, promote various forestry businesses and increase the capacity of forestry human resources in a forum for “Lampung Forestry Festival 2020”.
Yanyan said the objectives and targets of the activity were designed to bring together related parties who have an interest in activities to maintain and utilize forest products from both the upstream to the downstream sectors, thereby increasing the synergy between the parties in forestry development in Lampung Province, increasing the promotion of forest-based products. agroforestry and nature tourism as well as increasing the capacity of forestry human resources.
The target of this activity is to present parties who have potential in the NTFP business with an agroforestry pattern, so that consumers who are downstream can understand the function of farmers in protecting forests in order to meet downstream needs. Thus awareness in maintaining forest functions can be sustainable from upstream to downstream, he also said.
The 2020 Lampung Forestry Festival takes the theme “Greener Lampung Greener Tomorrow for Sustainability and Prosperity”, Lampung is greener. A greener future for sustainability and prosperity.
The 2020 Lampung Forestry Festival will be held on November 2-5, 2020 offline and online to comply with the COVID-19 Handling Protocol policy.
Yanyan explained that offline activities were carried out at the Sheraton Bandarlampung Hotel, a tourist location for KPH Way Pisang-Gunung Rajabasa-Batu Serampok.
Then online activities (online) were carried out at the Batutegi Protected Forest Management Unit (KPHL) Office, the Kota Agung Utara KPHL Office, and the West Coast KPHL Office.
Participants in the 2020 Lampung Forestry Festival are expected to involve various policy makers, including policy makers from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and elements of the provincial government in charge of forestry, cooperatives and MSMEs, tourism and trade, farmers engaged in agroforestry activities, NGOs/parties interested in developing agroforestry activities. , universities, national platforms for NTFPs products, business actors in restaurants, cafes, food and beverage producers and the mass media.
Yanyan stated that the 2020 Lampung Forestry Festival was a collaboration between the Lampung Provincial Forestry Service and the Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Collaborative House (RUKO) and Rainforest Alliance (RA) and was supported by Rumah Belajar, IIBF, Komunitas Tangan Di Atas, Indonesian Forestry Scholar Association (Persaki) DPD Lampung, Ika SKMA and Ika Forest Ranger. The implementation of this festival is co-financed with APBD support in the Lampung Provincial Forestry Service with the 2020 RUKO budget.