Building sustainable forest and watershed (Daerah Aliran Sungai/DAS) sustainability is able to guarantee the preservation of natural resources (SDA), fulfill economic needs, and affect food security.
The impact of watershed damage can affect the function of watersheds that have the potential to flow through agricultural irrigation, so that they are not optimal, said Prof Irwan Sukri Banuwa, Chairman of the Lampung River Basin Forum (Forum DAS Lampung) who is also the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Lampung in a webinar series II held by the Indonesian Forestry Bachelor Association (Persaki) and Rumah Kolaborasi (RUKO/The House of Collaboration), in Bandarlampung, Tuesday, July 7, 2020.
“The potential of agricultural irrigation that can be drained by the village watershed, which is more or less 66 thousand hectares, has not been optimally obtained, only able to irrigate about 65.47 percent or around 43 thousand hectares,” he said.
He also explained that the potential of the Sekampung Hulu Watershed as a Hydroelectric Power Plant (PLTA) has the potential to produce 2 × 14 MW and is capable of producing 1 × 14 MW.
According to him, this problem can be overcome by the cooperation of various parties to carry out recovery in the upstream region. “The method can be using the cost sharing method so that together we can bear jointly to improve the upstream area first,” he said again.
Warsito (the House of Collaboration/RUKO Coordinator) explained that the Batutegi Catchment Area has a strategic role in improving the economy, because it has geothermal potential that can be utilized for various purposes such as electricity.
In addition, geothermal energy can also be used to dry the coffee yields, grain, and others.
The existence of the Batutegi Catchment Area, which is largely located in the Batutegi Forest Management Unit (KPH), implies the important role of the FMU in improving the Batutegi Catchment Area.
He also invited the support of various parties to develop the Batutegi KPH. “In the future, it is a priority if we still want Lampung to support national food, we need to support KPH together,” he said.
Taufik Hidayat (Assistant for the Economy and Development of the Lampung Provincial Secretariat) explained that based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry and Plantation (SK Menhutbun) as much as 28 percent of the country’s forests are in Lampung Province.
He also explained that approximately 37 percent of the forests in Lampung Province were damaged.
“The three forest strata (conservation forest, protection forest, and production forest) have suffered damage that needs our attention. Because it greatly influences the availability of water to support agricultural activities which are the main program in the Lampung Province area,” he said.
Chairman of the DPD Persaki Lampung MD Wicaksono expected that the webinar series that have been carried out from as many as six of these series, can be an illustration for the FMU to determine the future steps.
“Hopefully, the six series will support each other and strengthen each other and become an integrated series, so that it illustrates how KPHs can do their best to save forests. Managing forest functions that is maintained while the community or other stakeholders can enjoy an increased income,” he said again.